Petrochemical sector deals with margin pressures in 2024 in the middle of international oversupply, weak need

The petrochemicals sector is anticipated to witness success pressures as international need softens even more due to a slower-than-expected healing in the international economy, paired with an oversupply scenario in the next 12-18 months, which will put in pressure on margins and success of manufacturers.

” While Indian need is most likely to stay healthy, the international weak point in need and oversupply scenario will keep the petrochemicals spreads under look for the Indian gamers too in the medium term, as has actually held true over the last couple of quarters, where the petrochemical sectors of all the business have actually reported success pressures,” ICRA Senior Citizen VP & & Co-Group Head Corporate Rankings Prashant Vasisht informed businessline.

The oversupply scenario in the international petrochemicals market and suppressed need has actually currently affected the margins of gamers in the 2nd half of 2022 and 2023 fiscal year (CYs).

Haldia Petrochemicals CEO Navanit Narayan stated, “The year 2023 has actually been a bad year for petrochemicals due to high volatility in feedstock rates and depressed margins. Postpone in healing of Chinese market and commissioning of big tasks in China and India produced big capability overhang which even more postpones the healing of rates and margins.”

Tension to continue.

Vasisht explained that international petrochemicals need has actually been weak, in the middle of inflationary pressures, which, paired with an oversupply scenario, has actually put in pressure on the spreads, which are most likely to witness headwinds in the close to medium term.

” A number of capabilities in Asia, generally in China, were included in the middle of a lukewarm need circumstance and has actually led to much of these items being directed to other markets like India. While India has actually likewise increased its capabilities and more additions remain in the pipeline, it’s import reliance continues. This scenario is most likely to continue in the close to medium term, thus applying pressure on the success of the pet-chem gamers,” he discussed.

In an August 2023 report, Moody’s Financier Service predicted, “Need for petrochemicals will likely stay soft as we anticipate international financial development will slow this year and stay suppressed in 2024. At the very same time, petrochemical supply will grow substantially this year as brand-new capabilities, especially in China, begun stream.”


India, a net importer of petrochemicals, will increase its rate of financial investments in the sector to increase domestic production to fulfill the greater need in the next 3-5 years as its commercial and business sectors grow.

India’s petrochemical sector is predicted to grow at about 11 percent per year from 2021-27 to $100 billion in 2027, and will continue to grow at a comparable rate to reach $350-$ 370 billion in 2040, a March 2023 report by McKinsey & & Business stated.

Narayan discussed that while the petrochemical market suffered in regards to squeezed margins, the refining market saw substantial worth development throughout the year from strong gas and diesel need and rates.

Greater success by these sectors is most likely to offer additional inspiration to their downstream combination towards petrochemicals. Thinking about long-lasting sustainability, a number of Oil and Gas gamers are most likely to incorporate additional towards petrochemicals thinking about the development projection and in order to discover an outlet for petroleum, the need outlook of which is bearish in the long term, he predicted.

Echoing a comparable belief, Vasisht stated: “Industries such as customer durables, product packaging, e-commerce, vehicle, and so on trigger domestic need for petrochemicals, and ICRA anticipates this need for polymers to witness a CAGR of 6-8% percent in the medium to long term.”

In spite of the present weak circumstance, the Indian oil marketing business (OMCs) have actually stayed unfaltering in their strategies to increase their ‘petrochemicals strength index’ by broadening their portfolio, he included.

For example, he stated the Indian Oil Corporation (IOC) has actually revealed a 3-MTPA (million tonne per year) job for 61,000 crore at Paradip. Hindustan Petroleum Corporation (HPCL), through its JV, HPCL-Mittal Energy, has actually likewise commissioned a 1.2-MPTA double feed cracker plant and its Rajasthan refinery is likewise establishing a 2.4-MTPA capability.

On the other hand, Bharat Petroleum Corporation (BPCL) has actually revealed a 1.2-MMTPA pet-chem job in Bina, which is most likely to involve a capex of 49,000 crore. These capabilities are most likely to end up being functional in 3 to 5 years, which will help in reducing India’s pet-chem import reliance, Vaisht stated.


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